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Linux下用来获取各种系统信息的C++类  

2012-08-24 22:33:51|  分类: 程序设计 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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下面是头文件内容,代码是mooon的一部分,对应的CPP文件请直接浏览:http://code.google.com/p/mooon/source/browse/trunk/common_library/src/sys/info.cpp
#include <vector>
#include "sys/config.h"
SYS_NAMESPACE_BEGIN
/***
* 用来获取系统、内核和进程的各类实时信息,如CPU和内存数据
*/
class CInfo
{
public:
/***
* 系统当前实时信息
*/
typedef struct
{
long uptime_second; /* Seconds since boot */
unsigned long average_load[3]; /* 1, 5, and 15 minute load averages */
unsigned long ram_total; /* Total usable main memory size */
unsigned long ram_free; /* Available memory size */
unsigned long ram_shared; /* Amount of shared memory */
unsigned long ram_buffer; /* Memory used by buffers */
unsigned long swap_total; /* Total swap space size */
unsigned long swap_free; /* swap space still available */
unsigned short process_number; /* Number of current processes */
}sys_info_t;
/***
* 当前进程时间信息
*/
typedef struct
{
long user_time; /* user time */
long system_time; /* system time */
long user_time_children; /* user time of children */
long system_time_children; /* system time of children */
}process_time_t;
/***
* 当前系统CPU信息
*/
typedef struct
{
// 单位: jiffies, 1jiffies=0.01秒
uint64_t total;
uint32_t user; /** 从系统启动开始累计到当前时刻,处于用户态的运行时间,不包含 nice值为负进程 */
uint32_t nice; /** 从系统启动开始累计到当前时刻,nice值为负的进程所占用的CPU时间 */
uint32_t system; /** 从系统启动开始累计到当前时刻,处于核心态的运行时间 */
uint32_t idle; /** 从系统启动开始累计到当前时刻,除IO等待时间以外的其它等待时间 */
uint32_t iowait; /** 从系统启动开始累计到当前时刻,IO等待时间(2.5.41) */
uint32_t irq; /** 从系统启动开始累计到当前时刻,硬中断时间(2.6.0) */
uint32_t softirq; /** 从系统启动开始累计到当前时刻,软中断时间(2.6.0) */
//uint32_t stealstolen; /** which is the time spent in other operating systems when running in a virtualized environment(2.6.11) */
//uint32_t guest; /** which is the time spent running a virtual CPU for guest operating systems under the control of the Linux kernel(2.6.24) */
}cpu_info_t;
/***
* 当前系统内存信息
*/
typedef struct
{
uint32_t mem_total;
uint32_t mem_free;
uint32_t buffers;
uint32_t cached;
uint32_t swap_cached;
uint32_t swap_total;
uint32_t swap_free;
}mem_info_t;
/***
* 内核版本号
*/
typedef struct
{
int16_t major; /** 主版本号 */
int16_t minor; /** 次版本号(如果次版本号是偶数,那么内核是稳定版;若是奇数则是开发版) */
int16_t revision; /** 修订版本号 */
}kernel_version_t;
/***
* 当时进程状态信息
*
* 进程的状态值:
D Uninterruptible sleep (usually IO)
R Running or runnable (on run queue)
S Interruptible sleep (waiting for an event to complete)
T Stopped, either by a job control signal or because it is being traced.
W paging (not valid since the 2.6.xx kernel)
X dead (should never be seen)
Z Defunct ("zombie") process, terminated but not reaped by its parent.
*/
typedef struct
{
/** 01 */ pid_t pid; /** 进程号,其允许的最大值,请查看/proc/sys/kernel/pid_max */
/** 02 */ char comm[FILENAME_MAX]; /** 进程的名字,不包括路径 */
/** 03 */ char state; /** 进程的状态 */
/** 04 */ pid_t ppid; /** 父进程号 */
/** 05 */ pid_t pgrp; /** 进程组号 */
/** 06 */ pid_t session; /** 进程会话号 */
/** 07 */ int tty_nr; /** The tty the process uses */
/** 08 */ pid_t tpgid; /** The tty the process uses */
/** 09 */ unsigned int flags; /** The kernel flags word of the process (%lu before Linux 2.6.22) */
/** 10 */ unsigned long minflt; /** The number of minor faults the process has made which have not required loading a memory page from disk */
/** 11 */ unsigned long cminflt; /** The number of minor faults that the process's waited-for children have made */
/** 12 */ unsigned long majflt; /** The number of major faults the process has made which have required loading a memory page from disk */
/** 13 */ unsigned long cmajflt; /** The number of major faults that the process's waited-for children have made */
/** 14 */ unsigned long utime; /** The number of jiffies that this process has been scheduled in user mode */
/** 15 */ unsigned long stime; /** The number of jiffies that this process has been scheduled in kernel mode */
/** 16 */ long cutime; /** The number of jiffies that this process's waited-for children have been scheduled in user mode */
/** 17 */ long cstime; /** The number of jiffies that this process's waited-for children have been scheduled in kernel mode */
/** 18 */ long priority; /** The standard nice value, plus fifteen. The value is never negative in the kernel */
/** 19 */ long nice; /** The nice value ranges from 19 (nicest) to -19 (not nice to others) */
/** 20 */ long num_threads; /** Number of threads in this process (since Linux 2.6). Before kernel 2.6, this field was hard coded to 0 as a placeholder */
/** 21 */ long itrealvalue; /** The time in jiffies before the next SIGALRM is sent to the process due to an interval timer.2.6.17, this field is no longer maintained, and is hard coded as 0 */
/** 22 */ long long starttime; /** The time in jiffies the process started after system boot */
/** 23 */ unsigned long vsize; /** Virtual memory size in bytes */
/** 24 */ long rss; /** Resident Set Size: number of pages the process has in real memory, minus 3 for administrative purposes */
/** 25 */ unsigned long rlim; /** Current limit in bytes on the rss of the process (usually 4294967295 on i386) */
/** 26 */ unsigned long startcode; /** The address above which program text can run */
/** 27 */ unsigned long endcode; /** The address below which program text can run */
/** 28 */ unsigned long startstack; /** The address of the start of the stack */
/** 29 */ unsigned long kstkesp; /** The current value of esp (stack pointer), as found in the kernel stack page for the process */
/** 30 */ unsigned long kstkeip; /** The current EIP (instruction pointer) */
/** 31 */ unsigned long signal; /** The bitmap of pending signals */
/** 32 */ unsigned long blocked; /** The bitmap of blocked signals */
/** 33 */ unsigned long sigignore; /** The bitmap of ignored signals */
/** 34 */ unsigned long sigcatch; /** The bitmap of caught signals */
/** 35 */ unsigned long nswap; /** Number of pages swapped (not maintained). */
/** 36 */ unsigned long cnswap; /** Cumulative nswap for child processes (not maintained) */
/** 37 */ int exit_signal; /** Signal to be sent to parent when we die (since Linux 2.1.22) */
/** 38 */ int processor; /** CPU number last executed on (since Linux 2.2.8) */
}process_info_t;
/***
* 网卡流量数据结构
*/
typedef struct
{
/** 01 */ char interface_name[INTERFACE_NAME_MAX]; /** 网卡名,如eth0 */
/** 接收数据 */
/** 02 */ unsigned long receive_bytes; /** 此网卡接收到的字节数 */
/** 03 */ unsigned long receive_packets;
/** 04 */ unsigned long receive_errors;
/** 05 */ unsigned long receive_dropped;
/** 06 */ unsigned long receive_fifo_errors;
/** 07 */ unsigned long receive_frame;
/** 08 */ unsigned long receive_compressed;
/** 09 */ unsigned long receive_multicast;
/** 发送数据 */
/** 10 */ unsigned long transmit_bytes; /** 此网卡已发送的字节数 */
/** 11 */ unsigned long transmit_packets;
/** 12 */ unsigned long transmit_errors;
/** 13 */ unsigned long transmit_dropped;
/** 14 */ unsigned long transmit_fifo_errors;
/** 15 */ unsigned long transmit_collisions;
/** 16 */ unsigned long transmit_carrier;
/** 17 */ unsigned long transmit_compressed;
}net_info_t;
/***
* 进程页信息结构
*/
typedef struct
{
long size; /** 程序大小 */
long resident; /** 常驻内存空间大小 */
long share; /** 共享内存页数 */
long text; /** 代码段占用内存页数 */
long lib; /** 数据/堆栈段占用内存页数 */
long data; /** 引用库占用内存页数 */
}process_page_info_t;
public:
/** 获取系统信息,具体请参考sys_info_t的描述 */
static bool get_sys_info(sys_info_t& sys_info);
/** 获取内存信息,具体请参考mem_info_t的描述 */
static bool get_mem_info(mem_info_t& mem_info);
/** 获取总CPU信息,具体请参考cpu_info_t的描述 */
static bool get_cpu_info(cpu_info_t& cpu_info);
/** 获取所有CPU信息,具体请参考cpu_info_t的描述 */
static int get_cpu_info_array(std::vector<cpu_info_t>& cpu_info_array);
/** 得到内核版本号 */
static bool get_kernel_version(kernel_version_t& kernel_version);
/** 获取进程信息,具体请参考process_info_t的描述 */
static bool get_process_info(process_info_t& process_info);
/** 获取进程页信息,具体请参考process_page_info_t的描述 */
static bool get_process_page_info(process_page_info_t& process_page_info);
/** 获取进程运行时间数据,具体请参考process_time_t的描述 */
static bool get_process_times(process_time_t& process_time);
/***
* 获取网卡流量等信息
* 流量 = (当前获取的值 - 上一时间获取的值) / 两次间隔的时长
* @interface_name: 网卡名,如eth0等
* @net_info: 存储网卡流量等数据
*/
static bool get_net_info(const char* interface_name, net_info_t& net_info);
static bool get_net_info_array(std::vector<net_info_t>& net_info_array);
private:
static bool do_get_net_info_array(const char* interface_name, std::vector<net_info_t>& net_info_array);
};
SYS_NAMESPACE_END

本文出自 “飞月” 博客,请务必保留此出处http://mooon.blog.51cto.com/1246491/966165

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